I really liked what Spivak had to say about reconciliation between theory and practice ever happening. I too, feel that this is something that is impossible to achieve, especially when one considers that theory and practice depend on the culture and politics of a given time. Things are constantly changing, so what may have worked in classrooms fifty years ago is going to be more or less obsolete in a classroom today. Technology has seriously changed education since then, fifty years of history and cultural change divide these time periods; thinking, music, religion, and family structures and values are all vastly different. Educational practices have to evolve in order to cater to these changes. For example, in the 1950’s divorce was a far more rare occurrence than it is today. So, a teacher back then may not have to consider that a child from a divorced home may have different affective filter issues than many other students. Today, we consider this as a factor when it comes to education. Home structure and life has major repercussions on how someone does in school.